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Focus Area 7 Components

NUMBER / COMPONENT
OBJECTIVE STATEMENTS
OUTCOMES

A.            

Institutional memory, which is best contained in a national system of coordinated and livestock theft prevention

Create baseline data and relevant information on the extent and impact of livestock theft in a GIS environment for South Africa. The institutional memory will serve to inform a system of coordinated livestock prevention, incorporating the roles and functions of setting policy, coordination, training, extension, research, and monitoring. These activities will inform the development of Best Management Practices (BMP).

i. A national database is available for use by all role players and stakeholders to inform strategic and tactical planning for livestock theft prevention management.
ii. A national system of coordinated livestock theft prevention that can play a marked role in reducing the impact of livestock theft.

    B
    Best Management Practise
    Lessons learnt from livestock theft prevention theft activities should be incorporated in BMP for implementation over a wider scale.
    i.

    Ensure that appropriate policy, methods, equipment and resources are available for livestock theft prevention activities.
    ii. Serve as basis to inform a strategic approach for more effective and coordinated livestock theft prevention.
    C.
    Causal Factors
    There is a variety of factors and modus operandi that cause livestock theft. As no coordinated efforts are in place to concur the crime research should inform the producers as to minimise the impact of the crime    

    i. Development of strategies for policing in the area of livestock theft as an agricultural crime
    ii. Profiling livestock thieves according to types of livestock stolen.
    iii. Focusing issues concerning livestock theft prevention
     iv. Impediments to investigation such as a lack of community support in contributing to the difficulty of prosecuting livestock thieves.
     v. Improving the policing of livestock theft, communities need to implement improved knowledge sharing, agricultural training for police officers, and improving stock identification and movement techniques.
     vi.  Identify livestock theft as both a local and a cross-jurisdictional issue in order to increase red meat producers reporting rates for livestock theft and enhance the system of communication among police officers to render better police management of the problem
     D.
    Appropriate content and methodology for training
    Knowledge, skills and experience on livestock theft prevention prevention are currently locked-up in a few individuals and police officials only and must be transferred as a high priority to a larger group of red meat producers
     i. Specific content of training manuals and training courses aimed at transferring skills to police officials in the field of livestock theft prevention.
     ii. Specific content of training manuals and training courses aimed at transferring skills to farmers and wildlife ranchers regarding livestock theft prevention. 
     E.
    Appropriate content and methodology for extension

    Paradigm shifts are urgently needed on a wide front, from producers to policy makers and the general public. In managing crime prevention effective policies and methodologies are applied.
     i. Inform official decision making based on recent information regarding livestock theft.  
     ii. Inform livestock industry in order to manage crime prevention. 
     iii. Inform society about the need for livestock theft prevention. 
     F.
    DNA Technology and Services
    DNA Markers can be used to select for economically important traits, heat stress and disease resistance.  Here use can be made of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs).  A QTL is a “locus that affects a measurable trait that shows continuous variation.  The measurable trait depends on the cumulative action of many genes”.  Marker assisted selection can accelerate genetic progress.  It is envisaged that disease resistance and other economically important traits can be identified using QTLs.

    DNA profiling can be used to confirm parentage, including  case  of  multi-sire  mating  in  beef  cattle  herds  and  is  a  powerful  instrument  in  the  identification  of  individual  animals.  The micro   satellites   used for the profiles should be standardised according to the International Society of Animal Genetics (ISAG); otherwise results between laboratories are not comparable.  
    The establishment of DNA profiles is an accepted tool for use by the SAPS in stock theft cases and is generally accepted as evidence by the courts.
     i.  DNA technology established and expanded
     ii. As a deterrent for stock theft. (e.g. Lid Cat)
     iii. For genetic detection (e.g. of species) and modification including GMO detection and services. 
     iv.
    Marker identification and QTL detection for utilisation in the genetic improvement of animals. 
     v. Studies on micro satellites as useful criteria for marker assisted selection for beef quality.