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Focus Area 6 Predation Components

NUMBER / COMPONENT
OBJECTIVE STATEMENTS
OUTCOMES

A.
Scientific assessment (Institutional memory, which is best contained in a national system of coordinated predation management)

Create a comprehensive understanding of the nature and scope of the issue of livestock and wildlife predation through a formal scientific assessment.

This will provide baseline data and relevant information on the extent and impact of predation in South Africa. This institutional memory will serve to inform a system of coordinated predation management, incorporating the roles and functions of setting policy, coordination, training, extension, research, and monitoring. These activities will inform the development of Best Management Practices (BMP).

i.

A national database highlighting the current state of knowledge regarding the main predators of livestock and game in South-Africa, their impact and management that is available for use by all role players and stakeholders to inform strategic and tactical planning for predation risk management and revision of stock predation policy.

ii.

A national system of coordinated predator management that can play a marked role in reducing the impact of predation.

iii.

Determine hotspots for predation activity to be targeted as a high priority.


B.
Best Management Practices (BMP)


Lessons learnt from predation management activities should be incorporated in BMP for implementation over a wider scale.

i.

Ensure that appropriate methods and equipment are available for predator control activities

ii.


Serve as basis to inform a strategic approach for more effective and coordinated predation management..

C.
Predation management methods and equipment

There is no single method or piece of equipment to stop or mitigate the impact of predation. 

Non-lethal and lethal methods and equipment must be conceived, designed, developed and evaluated for efficacy and incorporation in BMP.
i. Develop new methods and equipment
ii.

Implementation of appropriate and sustainable on-farm predator-livestock control-management systems or methods and equipment.
D.
Appropriate content 
and 
methodology 
for training
Knowledge, skills and experience on predation control activities are currently locked-up in a few individuals only and must be transferred as a high priority to a larger group of operators (predator specialist hunters), farmers and wildlife ranchers. i.
Specific content of training manuals and training courses aimed at transferring skills to operators in the field of predation control.
ii.  Specific content of training manuals and training courses aimed at transferring skills to farmers and wildlife ranchers regarding predation control.
E. 
Appropriate content
and 
methodology 
for extensio
n

Paradigm shifts are urgently needed on a wide front, from farmers and producers to policy makers and the general public. Extension is needed to manage human-wildlife conflict and is best conducted when effective methodologies are applied by extension specialists.
i.
Informed official decision making based on recent information regarding predation.
ii.

Inform livestock and wildlife ranching industries in order to manage human-wildlife conflict.
iii.
 
Inform society about the need for predation management.